Traditional Korean Clothing Part 1: Korean Hats

Stylish and colourful; I just love these traditional Korean clothing shown in so many historical films and series. This part will be about the different Korean hats.

Korean fashion

I am really not a fashionista. Sure I like nice clothing, but it doesn’t matter to me if it is a brand or if it is even fashionable. After watching a lot of historical dramas I came to the conclusion I just really liked the historical Korean style of clothing. The garments are colourful and neat. They are looking rich and complex, without being overly decorated. Joseon clothes also give you a direct impression of whom you are dealing with (status, job, money, gender, marital status, …).

Korean hats for men (Joseon period)

In this first part I want to make you familiar with the different kind of hats Korean men wore in the Joseon period.

 

Aisahwa - Tree With Deep Roots

Aisahwa – Tree With Deep Roots

Aisahwa

The top student on the government test received a hat decorated with flowers. As a bonus they also received 3 days of vacation. I’m sure the chicks flocked around this dude on the beach.

 

 

 

 

Baekrip

Baekrip – www.gatkorea.org

Baekrip  백립

White hat. Worn at funeral and during the period of mourning. I think it is worn for about 100 days after the funeral, but I’m not sure about this.

 

 

 

 

 

White Funeral - The Grand Heist

White Funeral Hat for indoors, other name then Baekrip? – The Grand Heist

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Banggat - The Grand Heist

Banggat – The Grand Heist

Banggat / Bangrip   방립

Straw hat. Used by travelling monks.

 

 

 

 

 

Bokkeon - Sungkyunkwan Scandal

Bokkeon – Sungkyunkwan Scandal

Bokkeon –  복건

For scholars and boys.

 

 

 

 

 

Gat - Arang and the Magistrate

Gat the Korean Hat I see a lot in Asian dramas – Arang and the Magistrate

Gat / Heung Lip / Heukrip 갓 / 흑립

Made from horsehair. Worn by upper class.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Hogeon

Hogeon – Iljimae

Hogeon 호건

Similar to Bokkeon, but with tiger pattern. Worn by boys till the age of 5 or 6.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ik Seon Gwan - Rooftop Prince

Ik Seon Gwan – Rooftop Prince

Ik Seon Gwan / Sa Mo   익선관 / 사모 / 翼善冠

Long hat for the king and crown prince.

 

 

 

 

 

Jegwan - french.korea.net

Jegwan – french.korea.net

Jegwan – 제관

For lower officials during events.

 

 

 

 

 

Jeonrip - Arang and the Magistrate

Jeonrip – Arang and the Magistrate

Jeonrip / Beonggeoji / Byeongrip   / 戰笠 / 벙거지 / 병립

Military hat.

 

 

 

 

Small Jeonrip - The Grand Heist

Small Jeonrip – The Grand Heist

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Lord Choi and his favourite Jung Ja Gwan - Arang and the Magistrate

Lord Choi and his favourite Jung Ja Gwan – Arang and the Magistrate


Jung Ja Gwan / Jeongjagwan
정자관 / 程子冠

Indoor hat with peaks for noblemen.

 

 

 

 

 

Jurip - The Grand Heist

Jurip – The Grand Heist

 

Jurip – 주립

Any kind of hat that is red in color. Commonly seen to be worn by the guards.

 

 

 

 

Myeonrugwan - The Moon that Embraces the Sun

I would look misarable with this Myeonrugwan too – The Moon that Embraces the Sun

Myeonryugwan – 면류관 / 冕旒冠   

For the king and the crown prince. Special occasions (weddings). The more strings the better. We use this to prevent flies from entering our homes.

 

 

 

 

 

Okrorip - The Huntresses

Okrorip – The Huntresses

Okrorip

Delegates on missions abroad.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Pae Reangi - The Return of Iljimae

Small Pae Reangi – The Return of Iljimae

Pae Reangi  패랭이

Made from straw or bamboo. For commoners and farmers.

 

 

 

 

 

Pae Reangi not going to help with the rain - Hong Gil Dongng

Pae Reangi not going to help with the rain – Hong Gil Dong

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Samo, Jeonrip and a Samo with flaps - Rooftop Prince

Samo, Jeonrip & Samo with flaps – Rooftop Prince

Samo – 사모

For government officials. With and without flaps at the back, depending on the rank. In a period for national mourning the usual black samo was replaced by a white one (Baeksamo). Samo means: made of thin silk.
Bridegrooms were also allowed to wear it during the ceremony.
The samo was already in use in the Goryeo period.

 

Satgat - Iljimae

Satgat – Iljimae

Satgat – 삿갓

Conical shaped hat. Protects against sunlight and rain.

 

 

 

 

 

Tanggeon on the right side - Sungkyunkwan Scandal

Tanggeon on the right side – Sungkyunkwan Scandal

Tanggeon – 탕건

Indoor hat.

 

 

 

 

 

Wonyu-gwan

Tongcheongwan

Tongcheongwan – 通天冠

Coronet of heavenly communicator.

 

 

 

 

 

Yanggwan

Yanggwan

Yanggwan – 양관

Golden jegwan. Worn by officials during a wedding ceremony or a prayer ceremony (for example the ceremony practiced at Chuseok: a big Autumn harvest festival). It can also be used at other ceremonies.

 

 

 

 

 

Yugeon - SungKyunKwan Scandal

Yugeon – Sungkyunkwan Scandal

Yugeon –유건

For scholars.

 

 

 

 

 

Wonyu-gwan

This nice looking crown was worn by the king and crown prince when having the morning court. It was also used for New Year’s Day, Dongjitnal (the day when the full moon lasts the longest), on the 1st and 15th days of the lunar month, when meeting with foreign envoys and when writing diplomatic notes to China. If someone puts on a different hat to write me a note, it would surely make me look at the message in a completely different way.

Hat accessories

Gatkeun - Queen In Hyuns Man

Gatkeun – Queen In Hyuns Man

Gatkeun
Remember these beads which are dangling from the gat? They have a name.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Gwanja - The Moon that Embraces the Sun

Top quality Gwanja – The Moon that Embraces the Sun

Gwanja 관자
Small buttons on Manggeon. To make sure the hats stay in place. Design depends on rank.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Manggeon and Gwanja - Sungkyunkwan Scandal

Manggeon and Gwanja – Sungkyunkwan Scandal

Manggeon – 망건
To keep their long manes tamed a headband is used. As a smart looking gentleman you can’t have your hair covering up your face.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sangtugwan with Manggeon and Gwanja - Masquerade

Sangtugwan with Manggeon and Gwanja – Masquerade

Sangtugwan 상투관
The small crown used on topknot.

 

 

Notes

If you have more information on these Korean hats. It was very hard to find as I don’t speak Korean myself. I could not find good pictures from dramas/films for every hat. If you have suggestions or information, please post/contact.

Whats this? - Arang and the Magistrate

What’s this? – Arang and the Magistrate

Warrior Baek Dong Soo

Manggeon without purpose? – Warrior Baek Dong Soo

What's the thing on top of the gat? -  Sungkyunkwan Scandal

What’s the thing on top of the gat? – Sungkyunkwan Scandal

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Earmuffs - The Grand Heist

Earmuffs – The Grand Heist

 

 

 

10 thoughts on “Traditional Korean Clothing Part 1: Korean Hats

  1. Hello there, I discovered your internet site by the use of Search engines when evaluating a similar matter, your website came up, it looks similar to terrific. We’ve combined with my personal favourites|included with book marks.

  2. Thanks for this post. I love the fashion in films that portray historical Korea, the hats are wonderful.

  3. I believe the thingy on the top of the gat hat can also be called a jeongkot. They were often in the shape of a flower and made from hardened lacquer. Just an extra bit of bling although all ornaments, colors and quality of materials were very regimented in terms of who could wear what. It was all based on class.

    The furry earmuff hat is a pungcha, a unisex winter hat from past centuries in Korea. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pungcha

  4. Hi, may I know what is the name of the two white ‘balls’ on top of the traditional Korean hat? I saw it in ‘The Merchant Gaekju 2015’

    • Ditto. And what are the white balls made of and what do they represent? And if the answer is “they represent merchants”, then why is that their symbol?

  5. where can i buy ? for my 81 birthday this aug. servied in korea 1953 .there will be 21 koreans all there. have taught school fish and game officer retired welder/diver would like to greet every one in old korean drees

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